Consider the statement: "Ich spreche kein Deutsch." I enquired as to why kein was used, not 'nicht'.I was told that nicht is a temporary no, while kein deals with longer time periods. Introduction. Negation or negative sentences in German grammar are formed with the words nicht (not) and kein (no/none).The tricky part is understanding when to use nicht and when to use kein and where to put them in a sentence.. =I have no problems, whatsoever. (My friend is not new in the class.). Ich will keine Äpfel. I understood the above explanation as I'm not drinking water NOW. As in, "Ich trinken nicht Wasser". ein. If you choose “kein” and “keine” depends on the gender of your German noun. What does kein mean? You can use “nein” (don’t miss the link!) ), Morgen arbeitet mein Vater nicht, wenn er krank ist. I’m trying to explain this by example: 1. If you want to negate an adjective, we write the “nicht” before it. (I don't swim). Kein vs Keine . ), A: “Nein. Now, in the plural form, there are no indefinite articles (as like as in English) because “ein” or “eine” always refer to a single thing. kein translation in German - English Reverso dictionary, see also 'keins',keine',keins',klein', examples, definition, conjugation The next sentence in the exercise was "Wir trinken keinen Wein". (I do not play but study for the test), Singen die Kinder nicht in der Schule? 2. Definition of kein in the Definitions.net dictionary. ⇨ I don’t want any apples. Sentences in German can be negated with either the adverb nicht or the indefinite article kein. In English, we do so by using “don’t” or “isn’t/aren’t”. Luckily, the solution is simple: Since it shares the same definite article as female singular “die” it will very often do the same as female singular in German grammar. Kein vs Nicht . Also, you can practice your knowledge with the free worksheet. When to use “kein/e” In German, we use “kein” or “keine” if we want to negate a noun. (The new cars aren’t beautiful. kein: die. This website uses cookies. Over time you will instinctively know and yo… I just want to add a smiley :) When to use “kein”? We put do not and is/are not before the verb respectively the adjective. Please note, that you can only negate you statement with kein when the noun you are talking about is either used without articles or with indefinite articles. In German, we have three possibilities to express negation. The article also includes a declension chart of the grammatical cases and grammatical genders of kein. ⇨ I don’t have a sofa. Ich habe keine Probleme. ), Meine Freundin ist nicht neu in der Klasse. If you choose “kein” and “keine” depends on the gender of your German noun. When to use “nein”, “nicht” or “kein/e” – negation in German, free Worksheet – “How to negate in German. . If you use the website further, we assume your consent. Learning German can be a difficult task for English speaking people. Now, after reading this article you should be aware of when to use “nein”, “nicht” and “kein” or “keine” and how to integrate them properly into a sentence. Learn about the word order of negative sentences in German and when to use nicht or kein.In the exercises, you can practise what you have learnt. Ich habe keinerlei Probleme. English: “I have no car” German: “Ich habe kein Auto” In this case “kein” means “no” in terms of the amount of zero. I understood the above explanation as I'm not drinking water NOW. So, all you have to do is to add the letter k to the indefinite articles and you will always obtain the corresponding negation word. (My father does not work tomorrow if he is sick. Consider the statement: "Ich spreche kein Deutsch." Meaning of kein. > Similar tests: - Negative form - Negation - Negation-Keine declension - Negation (kein / nicht) - Negative (nicht and kein) - Negation (kein-nicht) - Negation (nicht / kein) - Nicht/kein … Nein is for yes/no questions, kein/e is used before nouns and nicht for the rest. keine. Learning German can be a difficult task for English speaking people. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. I enquired as to why kein was used, not 'nicht'.I was told that nicht is a temporary no, while kein deals with longer time periods. Ich kenne keinen guten Zahnarzt. ⇨ I don’t like coffee. I prefer to eat pizza.). In particular, the difference between Kein and Keine for negation is troublesome for students. Ich mag keinen Kaffee. This is confusing for students of German as they find it easier in English. (Don’t the children sing in school? (I don't have a house). In the following, I will explain their meaning and how you can know when you should use which of them. When to use “kein/e” In German, we use “kein” or “keine” if we want to negate a noun. keine. After reading this article, you will know when to use “nein”, “nicht” and “kein/e”. as a negation if you want to give an answer to a question as for example: Q: “Wollen wir morgen Pasta essen?” – (Shall we eat pasta tomorrow? Though I provide all blog content for free, your support will be very much appreciated. As you can easily see, all of them are translated with “no” in English and therefore it might be a bit tricky to understand when to use which. Therefore you only know if a verb is actually done or not until you listen to what happens after it – so start practicing your patience :). If you choose “kein” and “keine” depends on the gender of your German noun. Information and translations of kein in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. ), Die Kinder sind nicht klein. Now, in the plural form, there are no indefinite articles (as like as in English) because “ein” or “eine” always refer to a single thing. Kein is used with nouns: Ich habe kein Haus. =I have no problems. Ich habe keine Probleme. To express the English “no”, we either use “nein” (no), “nicht” (no) and “kein/e” (no). This means you now have to think about the context of the sentence as you say it and think about which German word you need to use. There are many different words to negate or to say no in German language. Even if you know that Nein is the word that is used to say no in German, you might be puzzled to see an adverb Nicht and an adjective Kein being used in German, to express negation. Nicht is used with verbs: Ich schwimme nicht. To gain a better understanding, please check the following examples: Ich spiele nicht, sondern lerne für den Test. But unline English, we put “nicht” after the verb when negating in German. As this contradicts the idea of plural one still needs to find a way to express the negation for a noun in plural. =I have no problems, whatsoever. The next sentence in the exercise was "Wir trinken keinen Wein". I just want to add a smiley :) ), Die neuen Autos sind nicht schön. The problem arises because in English we just have one word that covers both: not. There are only three options used for negating in German: nein, nicht or kein. Hi there! Even if you know that Nein is the word that is used to say no in German, you might be puzzled to see an adverb Nicht and an adjective Kein being used in German, to express negation. In German, we use “nicht”, when we like to express the negation of a verb or an adjective. =I have no problems. Ich habe keinerlei Probleme. Therefore, this also applies here. The interesting thing is that "kein" is used in place of ein/eine/ein, AND it has a plural version- kein/keine/kein/keine. Example sentences: Ich habe kein Sofa. Ich will lieber Pizza essen.” – (No. Kein vs Nicht . As in, "Ich trinken nicht Wasser". Now, if you ask a question which starts with the verb and you would like to state that the verb is “nicht”, then the “nicht” stays at the same position where you would have put it in the first place and you simply move the verb to the first position of your sentence. In English, “no” is “no” but in German, we have three different ways of saying “no”. One of the first confusions you will encounter when learning the German language is: What’s the difference between kein and nicht and when should you use them? (The children aren’t small. When you want to use not or no in relation to a noun you should use a form of kein.Simply kein is used in situations where nicht ein would otherwise occur.. In German, we use “kein” or “keine” if we want to negate a noun. This article discusses the use of kein for German negation. Last but not least, the time has come to practice your knowledge with the free Worksheet – “How to negate in German“. Even though many German students have their problems with this topic, you should not panic!