The vast majority of declinable neuter nouns end in - о, - е or - ё.There are 12 nouns that end in - я.Neuter nouns that end in other letters are, as a rule, indeclinable nouns borrowed from other languages. This guide will go through the rules to help you figure out the genders of nouns in the Russian language. Then press “ctrl + f” and search for “ь.” Feminine. 4. Russian Grammar Tables Nouns - Gender in the Nominative Case. Expand your vocabulary by learning the most used words first. Masculine Nouns. Дедушка - (Grandfather) - Is Masculine If the noun is in another part of the sentence the ending is changed to suit the case. 1. 5. They are determine by the nouns they replace. If you want to learn exactly which of the words ending in a soft sign are masculine and feminine, I recommend you check out this list of the 500 most common nouns in Russian. The gender of Russian nouns is clearly expressed only in the singular form and is usually shown by its ending. The Big Silver Book of Russian Verbs - A great reference book of conjugated Russian verbs. Feminine : газета (newspaper), Россия (Russia), Дочь (daughter) 040443. Мужчина - (Man) - Is Masculine From the dictionary form of a noun, here is how you can tell Кофе - (Coffee) - Is Masculine, Masculine : паспорт (passport), документ (document), брат (brother), Хлеб (bread). There are very few exceptions to these rules. If it is “о” or “е” it is neuter. Why is it important? When later we start using adjectives and verbs, it is the gender that affects the endings. Most feminine nouns ending in – ь do not have specific markers which could be used to distingish them from masculine nouns ending in – ь . In Russian they depend on the gender and number of the subject you are talking about. For example, письмо ( pees-MO, 'letter') ends in an -o, so it is grammatically neuter. Feminine : газета (newspaper), Россия (Russia), Дочь (daughter) Neuter : здание (building), радио (radio), письмо (letter) All Russian adjectives change their endings according to the gender of a noun: masculine, feminine, neuter. MASCULINE endings ЫЙ, ИЙ, ОЙ. If it is “а” or “я” it is feminine. Папа - (Daddy, Papa) - Is Masculine Masculine: Words such as boy, man, father, brother, he, him and his stand for masculine nouns or males. Дядя - (Uncle) - Is Masculine Feminine: Words such as girl, woman, mother, sister, she and her stand for feminine nouns or males.They are called Feminine Gender. Feminine nouns end in а or я. A: Russian nouns in the singular form. If it is a consonant, or “й”, the word is masculine. Of the above, only день and путь are masculine. meaning attached to the gender. Masculine nouns are nouns ending in a consonant: студ е … This is not true in some other languages where you just have to memorise them. Nouns are masculine if they: Denote male persons, animals, etc: папа - dad The basic rules to determine grammatical gender of Russian nouns are: Masculine nouns usually end in a consonant letter or -й. Feminine nouns usually end in -a or –я. Russian has three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter (neutral). 2. Moreover Russian nouns are masculine, feminine, or neuter. Today let's learn how to say in Russian 'my', 'your' and so on. There are three genders for Russian nouns: masculine, feminine or neuter. Personal pronouns have also three genders, masculine, feminine and neuter. In this form you can easily work out it’s gender. Neuter nouns end in о or е. They are called masculine Gender. RUSSIAN NOUNS. Note that он and она can replace animate or inanimate nouns: The Ruslanguage school is equipped with recycle bins and FSC-certified furniture, supports local environmental organisations and conservation activities.! An adjective describes a noun (person, animal, phenomenon, thing, substance, etc). 1. Knowing the gender of a noun is important as it affects the endings the noun takes in different cases. masculine: 109. ухо : ear: neuter: 110. чувство : feeling: neuter: 111. берег : bank, shore, coast: masculine: 112. семья : family: feminine: 113. генерал : general: masculine: 114. момент : moment, instant: masculine: 115. труд : labour, work: masculine: 116. группа : group: feminine: 117. муж : husband: masculine: 118. движение : movement: neuter: 119. feminine nouns. Russian Learners' Dictionary: 10,000 Russian Words in Frequency Order - A simple but powerful concept. All Russian nouns belong to one of the three genders: masculine, feminine, neuter. Masculine nouns are nouns ending in a consonant: трамвай (a tramway) The letter й is a semi consonnant. Some examples: Masculine : паспорт (passport), документ (document), брат (brother), Хлеб (bread). Russian has three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter (neutral). A noun names a person, animal, phenomenon, thing, substance, etc. Female gender nouns end with а, я and ия (we will also discuss the exceptions, such as letter ь - the soft letter). Watch the lesson about Russian nouns and genders first! When you use a noun as the subject of a sentence, it will be in it’s dictionary form (nominative case). 3. These pronouns are called possessive. Terms & Conditions, License of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation No. However, most nouns denoting members of a profession or trade are words of the common gender and apply to persons of either sex. There are three genders in Russian: Feminine, Masculine, and Neuter. Russian neuter nouns may end in a vowel or a consonant (rare). In the cases of words like “father” these relate to physical gender. Мужчина - (Man) - Is Masculine Кофе - (Coffee) - Is Masculine. Russian-English Bilingual Visual Dictionary - A visual dictionary with lots of illustrated examples.