Papers for the Observer are not sent out to referees, but all articles published are assessed and approved by the Editorial Board, which includes three to four distinguished economists from outside the Bank. unitary model. Until recently most policy analyses implicitly viewed the household as having only one set of preferences. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. “Unitary versus Collective Models of the Household: Is It Time to Shift the Burden of Proof?” The World Bank Research Observer 10 (1): 1–19. The burden of proof should shift to those who claim the unitary model as the rule and collective models as the exception. Individual welfare, however, is based in large part on a complex set of interactions among family members. If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in. Don't already have an Oxford Academic account? Collective model: This may matter. This assumption has been a powerful tool for understanding household behaviour, such as the distribution of tasks and goods. 6 deed, using the definition given above of the household utility function in a general collective model, we can write the household utility function corre- sponding to case III as follows: u(q,Q; d,z)= max Harold Alderman, Pierre-André Chiappori, Lawrence Haddad, John Hoddinott, Ravi Kanbur, UNITARY VERSUS COLLECTIVE MODELS OF THE HOUSEHOLD: IS IT TIME TO SHIFT THE BURDEN OF PROOF?, The World Bank Research Observer, Volume 10, Issue 1, February 1995, Pages 1–19, https://doi.org/10.1093/wbro/10.1.1. Harold Alderman, Pierre-André Chiappori, Lawrence Haddad, John Hoddinott and Ravi Kanbur. What Drives Successful Economic Diversification in Resource-Rich Countries? For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions For full access to this pdf, sign in to an existing account, or purchase an annual subscription. Access supplemental materials and multimedia. Read your article online and download the PDF from your email or your account. It has become familiar to millions through a diverse publishing program that includes scholarly works in all academic disciplines, bibles, music, school and college textbooks, business books, dictionaries and reference books, and academic journals. This article is also available for rental through DeepDyve. Some policy recommendations are di erent for the unitary and the collective model. Although this evidence still requires some bolstering, we suggest a shift in emphasis; what we refer to as the collective models of household behavior should be regarded as the standard approach, with the unitary model regarded as an important but special … Online Becker, Gary S. 1974. UNITARY VERSUS COLLECTIVE MODELS OF THE HOUSEHOLD: IS IT TIME TO SHIFT THE BURDEN OF PROOF? OUP is the world's largest university press with the widest global presence. To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. Check out using a credit card or bank account with. The article argues that more effective policy instruments will emerge from analyzing the processes by which households balance the diverse interests of their members. “A Theory of Social Interactions.” (English) This assumption has been a powerful tool for understanding household behavior, such as the distribution of tasks and goods. This item is part of JSTOR collection JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. Online Becker, Gary S. 1973/74. Register, Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Why does this matter? Request Permissions. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. Example: Cash-transfer program to poor households, like Bolsa Familia in Brazil or Progresa in Mexico. The Observer has nearly 1,500 subscribers in OECD countries and nearly 10,000 subscribers in developing countries. emphasis; what wc refer to as the collective models of household behavior should be regarded as the standard approach, with the unitary model regarded as an important but special case. The World Bank Research Observer seeks to inform nonspecialist readers about research being undertaken within the Bank and outside the Bank in areas of economics relevant for development policy. All Rights Reserved. You could not be signed in. Replication Redux: The Reproducibility Crisis and the Case of Deworming, Corruption as a Self-Reinforcing Trap: Implications for Reform Strategy, Human Capital and Macroeconomic Development: A Review of the Evidence. Most development objectives focus on the well-being of individuals. Don't already have an Oxford Academic account? Individual welfare, however, is based in large part on a complex set of interactions among family members. Search for other works by this author on: © 1995 The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank. Until recently most policy analyses implicitly viewed the household as having only one set of preferences. The World Bank Research Observer © 1995 Oxford University Press Requiring only a minimal background in economic analysis, its surveys and overviews of key issues in development economics research are intended for policymakers, project officers, journalists keeping up to date, and teachers and students of development economics and related disciplines. But a growing body of evidence suggests that this view is an expedience that comes at considerable, and possibly avoidable, cost. 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