Records of the Secretary of the Senate, including campaign spending reports, 1912-46; roll call tally sheets, 1947-88; and lobbying reports, 1949-88. Johnson's Democrats lost forty-seven seats to the Republican Party in the House of Representatives. Hollings's first Senate victory was also his closest and he was easily re-elected in 1968 (full term), 1974, 1980, and 1986, with somewhat tougher races in 1992 and 1998, although neither with a margin as narrow as that of his initial election. He would never again hold public office, which was a routine occurrence for Thurmond's opponents. United States Senate elections, 1966: part our commitment to scholarly and academic excellence, all articles receive editorial review.|||... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. Furthermore, Thurmond refused to debate Morrah and Thurmond boasted of the endorsements he received from Southern Democratic senators Richard Russell Jr., John C. Stennis, and Herman Talmadge. Republicans need to win only one seat to get the majority. This was the first election held after the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which led to a surge in African-American voter participation. The GOP made inroads into the South and among blue collar workers, foreshadowing Nixon's Southern strategy and the rise of Reagan Democrats, respectively. , While Hatfield did not back away from his war stance, he sought to focus his campaign on other issues, chiefly focusing on the Johnson administration's economic policies that, in Hatfield's view, had created a recession that was creating unemployment in Oregon's timber industry.  With more than three-quarters of Oregonians sharing his view on the war, Duncan used the issue to attack Hatfield, stating that the outcome of the war would determine "whether Americans will die in the buffalo grass of Vietnam or the rye grass of Oregon. On June 14, the South Carolina Democratic Party held their primary election and Hollings scored a comfortable victory over Russell to become the Democratic nominee. This w… The Democrats also lost three seats in the U.S. Senate to the Republicans. Illegal Ballots Cast In Senate Elections ( Continued from Page 1 ) have influenced the elections . These were also the first elections held after enactment of the Voting Rights Act of 1965.  Some observers noted that Hatfield, a Republican, though required by state law to appoint someone of the same political party as the late Senator Neuberger, did not want to give the other party the political advantage of incumbency. In the 1962 gubernatorial election, Donald S. Russell had stated that he would serve out a full term and not seek a higher office.  At a June conference of governors of all 50 states, Hatfield was the lone dissenter on a resolution expressing support for the war, calling the resolution a "blank check" for President Johnson's conduct of the war. Republican incumbent, Leverett Saltonstall, was retiring after serving for 22 years. Incumbent Senator Harry F. Byrd Sr. had resigned the previous year due to health reasons, and his son Harry F. Byrd Jr. had been appointed to replace him. Despite Republican gains, the balance remained overwhelmingly in favor of the Democrats, who retained a 64–36 majority. In March 1960, first-term U.S. senator Richard L. Neuberger died in office.  Hatfield was considered vulnerable on the subject of the Vietnam War, which he opposed, in contrast with 75% of Oregonians, who favored the war.  In 1974, Duncan was re-elected to the House of Representatives. ", Hatfield would be re-elected to five more terms, most comfortably, before retiring from the Senate in 1996. Original electoral votes and certificates of ascertainment, 1789-1969. Morrah faced an uphill struggle against Senator Thurmond because the Democratic resources were primarily poured into the special election to help Fritz Hollings and in the gubernatorial contest for Robert Evander McNair.  He proudly announced he went to a meeting of the Americans for the Preservation of the White Race, a Ku Klux Klan front, enabling Eastland to proudly announce he was opposed by both the Klan and the AFL-CIO. Hillel Ballots Arc Illegal Lash said 50 illegal ballots were found in four boxes . 1966 United States elections; Midterm elections: Election day: November 8: Incumbent president: Lyndon B. Johnson (Democratic) Next Congress: 90th: Senate elections; Overall control: Democratic Hold: Seats contested: 35 of 100 seats (33 Class 2 seats + 2 special elections) Net seat change: Republican +3: 1966 Senate election results Secondly, most of the resources of the Republican party were allocated for Strom Thurmond's re-election campaign and Joseph O. Rogers Jr. gubernatorial election.  Morse, who had strongly supported Duncan's rival in the primary, now went across party lines and threw his support to Hatfield, though he did not campaign for him. , The general election was now set up between two participants whose views on the Vietnam War were in direct opposition to many in their party: Duncan, a pro-war Democrat and Hatfield, an anti-war Republican. Parker faced an uphill battle in winning the Senate seat. Incumbent Democratic U.S. senator Walter Mondale, who had originally been appointed in 1964 to replace Hubert Humphrey after Humphrey was elected Vice President of the United States, defeated Republican challenger Robert A. Forsythe, to win a full term. Despite Republican gains, the balance remained overwhelmingly in favor of the Democrats, who retained a 64–36 majority. Credentials of individual senators, 1789-1988. Byrd defeated Republican Lawrence M. Traylor and independent candidate John W. Carter, and was able to finish the rest of his father's term. He won the Democratic primary uncontested, and moved on to the general election, where he was opposed by Tim Babcock, the Republican nominee and the Governor of Montana. In an unusual move, Oregon's other Senator, Democrat Wayne Morse, who also opposed the war, crossed party lines to endorse Hatfield, who won in a close election, his first of five terms in the United States Senate. Among the newly elected Republicans were future presidents Ronald Reagan (who soon became the leader of the right-wing of the Republican Party) as Governor of California and George H. W. Bush as a representative from Texas, and future vice president Spiro Agnew as Governor of Maryland.